Oregon League of Conservation Voters

OLCV

1. The next city council will likely face continued budget and revenue challenges. What potential threats do you foresee for conservation and sustainability issues (water, energy, public transportation, growth, climate change, etc.)? 

*I think the biggest threat is growth. There are and have been voices on Council and in the community claiming growth is the way to pay for our problems. This fallacy has been demonstrated false by every known city in America. (50 largest have been researched.) Growth doesn’t even pay for itself, much less for left-over problems.

I believe Bend is likely to find growth exacerbated by climate refugees as massive wildfires destroy other western communities, if we remain lucky ourselves.

With growth come citizens who are not familiar with Oregon’s land use laws, or taxing restrictions. I am writing this from the Front Range of Colorado. 8% sales tax and giant streets larger than any highways in Bend, divide neighborhoods and animal migration routes and suck up resources of all types.

Many of Bend’s citizens new and old believe a large single-family home with big roads where they can drive fast is the epitome of the American dream.

We Americans have to stop having such large footprints on our Earth, for the sake of future generations and the beautiful creatures with whom we share our home/planet.


As a councilor, how will you work to mitigate that potential threat?

*Education. The more people I speak to the more I find who believe, like I do, that the younger generations simply don’t want that version of the “American Dream” and change won’t be as difficult as we may imagine if we older, more set in our ways folks can open our minds.

Fine tune our Visit Bend advertising to reduce the number of visitors who are drawn to become residents and to reduce their impact while they’re visiting.

Fight for our land use laws and stick to our UGB plan.

We have passed more than a dozen code amendments designed to encourage greater density and affordability. We are about to take a second pass at that with the Affordable Housing Committee, specifically looking at allowing multifamily housing, du-tri-and-even-quadraplexes. We are looking for ways to encourage single family attached housing: A duplex with each half owned by that resident, to ensure we don’t neglect the part of the American Dream young families care very much about…the opportunity to build equity through home ownership.


As a councilor, how will you work to mitigate these potential threats?

*I am proud to have made strides against the other threats in my first term and have ideas on how to proceed and improve.

WATER AND SEWER

  • We changed water rates so that every drop is paid for to make our system more equitable and encourage conservation. Our new computer billing and metering systems allow the City to help homeowners conserve water. We proactively alert properties where the meter data indicates a leak.
  • I would like to investigate programs to encourage homeowners to landscape with desert plants. I would not be afraid to investigate places in our city code to build a more water-wise city. 
  • Right now the water coming out of our sewer treatment facility doesn’t meet the standard to irrigate at Pronghorn (because of where they built their houses). It has to do with the problems with the contractor building the new basin. Once that project is complete and operational we can discuss that contract and any others that might be available. Reclaimed water is the only way I can think to make a golf course in the middle of our desert a little less bad.
  • The sewer treatment plant already captures methane for heating the buildings and there may be an opportunity for more of that when the expansion is finished. I would be cautious about any leakage with methane. Not just explosions but it’s a terrible greenhouse gas. Far worse than CO2.

TRANSIT AND TRANSPORTATION 

  • I am heartened by the promise of technology. I was able, last winter, to persuade a friend to take light rail in to Portland starting from Happy Valley. He couldn’t believe how easy it was and had the Tri-Met app downloaded by our second stop. I couldn’t believe he’d never done it when his in-laws LIVE in Happy Valley! I think he represents a lot of our citizens…if we can just get them to try it. If they have the app that tells them down to the minute when their bus will arrive they might happily let someone else drive (and park) at least some of the time. 
  • Our downtown shuttle was a great success last and this summer. I think we have a lot of opportunities to run shuttle buses…to concerts, events, trailheads.

What opportunities do you see to show that the environment is linked to the economy and not pitted against it.

*I am optimistic about this as well. We have an excellent school system teaching our children to understand science and see themselves as part of nature, not apart from it. I student-taught in a district where teaching evolution was done by excellent teachers on the down low.

I think most of our citizens understand our close connection to our environment and the role it plays in our economy. I hope to continue our alliance with the Mountain Pac towns.



2. Oh. No. Am I only on number 2?

What do you think the city is doing right to preserve livability and environmental health and why? 

*Please see above. Add:

  • Our UGB plan is a model for the State. It would be my great pleasure to work for its implementation.

As a councilor, how would you both support and fund livability and environmental health? Given the importance and complexity of these issues, please provide specifics about your vision.

*Please see above.

  • We found money in the budget for our climate work. 
  • By not spending any dredging Mirror Pond.
  • By passing a fuel tax.
  • I have been fighting for 3 years for transit funding from the Bend MPO. I hope to be victorious in that.

3. Climate change is the biggest issue we face. It threatens not just the environment and special places we cherish, but also our communities and future generations. A coalition of leaders on climate change along with over 50 organizations and over 700 businesses have come together to urge the Oregon Legislature to act now and pass the Clean Energy Jobs bill. This bill will ensure Oregon continues leading on climate change with a cap and invest approach, which ensures proceeds from greenhouse gas emissions pricing are reinvested into programs that: a) further reduce GHG emissions, and b) create opportunities for disproportionately affected populations, defined as low-income, rural, communities of color, and impacted workers. You can find more information about the Clean Energy Jobs bill here

a. As an elected official, will you publicly support and advance the Clean Energy Jobs bill for the state of Oregon? If yes, how will you, as a candidate or elected official, show support for the passage of the Clean Energy Jobs bill?

  • I have already and I will continue.
  • I will lobby individually.
  • I just accepted an invitation to meet again this year at the League of Oregon Cities conference with other elected officials who feel the same about climate change.
  • I will push to get that on the City’s legislative priorities so the City of Bend lobbyist can work for it as well.

(Do I sound too much like Churchill? I will lobby on the beaches…)


b. Do you support implementation of the climate action resolution the Bend City Council adopted in September, 2016? Why or why not?

*I plan to get re-elected by bragging about my work helping get that passed and my continued efforts to see it implemented. I believe every last one of us should be helping in this effort. I will keep up the fight on or off Council.


4. Cities across the nation from larger municipalities like Las Vegas and St. Louis to smaller ones like Georgetown, TX to Ashland, OR are committing through resolution to the goal of getting 100% of its electricity from clean, noncarbon sources by a certain year – often 2035. Some, including Portland and Multnomah County, take that a step further and are committing to the goal of getting 100% of all energy (including the transportation sector) by 2050 from clean, noncarbon sources. If elected, would you support a resolution committing your city to similar goals? What environmental programs would you implement to help your community do its part to stem the local impacts and the increasing pace of climate change? You can read more about getting to 100% clean energy here.

5. How can we as a city promote conservation and protect and enhance fish and wildlife habitat in our region, while still allowing for development and growth?

*Please see above.

  • Also: As a City…do not support in any way, efforts to dredge and preserve Mirror Pond.
  • I think we should be able to do a decent job preserving wildlife corridors if we work with the Parks Department. 
  • City code. That really is where much of our actual power is.
  • Sensible transportation solutions.

6. Bend is currently facing serious livability and affordability issues. Bend’s development density is far below the average for a city of its size. Do you support the current Urban Growth Boundary that maximizes use of the existing UGB lands (infill, redevelopment, upzoning and taller buildings for higher density and mixed use, transportation corridors, etc.) to meet future needs? If not, why? If so, how would you work to implement the plan? 

  • Yes.
  • By continuing to put pressure on our City Manager and staff to get the Bend Central District planned and developing.
  • By putting resources for infrastructure for the infill areas.
  • By continuing to amend city code to allow and encourage higher density.
  • By getting those 2,800 homes off of their septic systems so the folks that choose to can build ADUs and duplexes.

7. How should Bend address the effects of wildfire?

*Code. Specifically with respect to building materials and landscaping.

I’m afraid this is, by far, the greatest threat to our community and climate change makes it worse every year. The transect concept on the west side, we hope will be a model for other communities.


8. How will you encourage integration of increased walking, biking and transit ridership in the City’s transportation plan? What will you do to promote and secure funds for such collaborations and modes of transit? And what will you do to support our community’s priority of safety for all modes of transportation?

  • I have been working with Lauren Sprang from the Parks Board who is doing excellent work on a complete network of separated paths.
  • I have made certain we are on record as supporting a sidewalk program as one of the products we will get from the TSAC.
  • I will look to OSU Cascades to fulfill their partnership in our transit system.
  • Education: I hope that if we can teach people that the few minutes of delay they experience allow a child to bike to school safely or a disabled veteran to get across the street safely or an elderly person to keep their independence, walking to the coffee shop.
  • We’ll be getting “safe routes to schools” funding in 2018. I look forward to stretching those pennies as far as possible.

9. Healthy ecological flows are important to our economy and also reflect our community’s values for conservation. Please explain your thoughts and priorities around water in the Deschutes Basin, including Tumalo Creek?

  • Conservation
  • Conservation
  • Education
  • We have got to get people to see how precious our water is. What a rare resource we have. Every year people understand more about cold vs warm water, about the interconnectedness of watersheds and about the opportunities to conserve without having a yard that looks like a post apocalyptic wasteland. 

10. The Mirror Pond dam is over 100 years old and in a state of disrepair. What is your stance on the future of the Mirror Pond dam?

*I have dedicated many years of my life to keeping ay public money from being spent on that dam pond. The pond is a warm, murky impoundment best suited to koi.

I am quite sure our economy and our citizens could withstand the horrors of a Bend with the Deschutes River flowing through Drake Park.


11. How will you ensure that future development takes both sustainability and affordable housing into consideration? Would you promote adoption of green building standards and energy-efficient technologies, such as solar and low-flow toilets, for future residential and commercial development, and if so, how?

*All of these technologies are advantageous to the homeowners. Educating them is key. The second is changing the discussion to affordable living, not just an affordable sales price. With that in mind, all of these technologies become more cost competitive.

Any code changes would, I’m afraid, come with protracted opposition from the housing/developing lobby.


12. A nationwide study released fall of 2017, and led by the University of Washington and published in Environmental Health Perspectives, found that people of color are still far more likely to suffer from harmful air pollution than white people. Between 2000 and 2010, little progress has been made in reducing relative disparities between people of color and whites; and exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) a key transportation-related pollutant, is significantly influenced by race, far more than by income, age or education. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has developed a new environmental justice (EJ) mapping and screening tool called EJSCREEN to better address the protection of public health and the environment. It is based on nationally consistent data and an approach that combines environmental and demographic indicators in maps and reports. How will you ensure Oregon is prioritizing Environmental Justice at every level, including locally? Would you support stronger adaption of the EJSCREEN at the local level?

*Yes. Absolutely. What is happening to our people of color is unconscionable. Detroit Public Schools just announced they are shutting off their drinking fountains because of lead. We’ve got to fight institutional racism, sexism and discrimination of all types. 


13. OLCV is committed to helping foster an Oregon where everyone is treated with dignity and respect. We believe our elected officials are models for their community and as such, should be held to the highest standards of conduct. As a city councilor, will you commit to serving as an example for your community and treat all others, including colleagues and staff, with dignity and respect?

*I was in 4-H when I was a kid. I was a National winner with a scholarship to college and a trip to Chicago. 4-H is a program like all the others I know of, where the older kids become “leaders” or “councilors”. Sometimes you will hear sports stars say, “I never asked to be a role model.” Role model isn’t something you ask for. It is something you are. It is something you accept with the honor of public service. I try to live up to the responsibility. I try to treat all people, full stop, with dignity and respect and to immediately try and repair any damage I do.


Thank you for all of the work you do, including taking the time to read my scattered thoughts.

I’m sorry I didn’t have more time for editing! 

Barb Campbell endorsed by Oregon League of Conservation Voters

Barb Campbell endorsed by Oregon League of Conservation Voters